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Các em học sinh có thể tự luyện tập, ôn thi môn tiếng Anh trực tuyến tại mục “Khóa học” – “Thi THPT, Đại học” để bổ sung, bồi dưỡng kiến thức chuẩn bị tốt nhất cho kỳ thi THPT, Đại học.

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the words whose pronunciation is different from the others in each of the following questions.

Question 1. A. agreed B. missed C. liked D. watched
Question 2. A. educate B. eliminate C. certificate D. dedicate

Hướng dẫn:

Câu l: Đáp án là A.

Từ agreed có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /d/, các từ còn lại có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /t/

Câu 2: Đáp án là C.

Từ certificate có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /∂/, các từ còn lại có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /ei/

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3. A. religious B. performance C. miserable D. including
Question 4. A. decoration B. temperament C. opportunity D. expectation

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 3: Đáp án là C.

Từ miserable nhấn âm thứ nhất, các từ còn lại nhấn âm thứ hai.

Câu 4: Đáp án là B.

Từ temperament nhấn âm thứ nhất, các từ còn lại nhấn âm thứ ba.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 5. He was determined to choose that university because of _______
A. its reputation is fine            B. its fine reputation
C. it is fine D. it has a fine reputation
Question 6. ________, no one was absent from the farewell party last night.
A. Heavily as it rained   B. As It rained heavily
C. Though it rains heavily D. In spite of the heavily rain
Question 7. The spy admitted ______ some highly secret information to enemy agents.
A. to have given   B. having been given
C. to have been given D. having given
Question 8.

The teacher asked students to discuss the situation: “Which Is better, supermarkets or traditional markets?”.

Jennifer: “I believe that supermarkets are much better than traditional markets.”

Katherine: “_______. Each has its own features.”

A. I couldn’t agree with you more. B. That’s completely true.
C. I disagree with you. D. I can’t help thinking the same.
Question 9. When it started to snow, he _____ his overcoat.
A. took out B. put off
C. took off D. put on
Question 10. We are going to have a trip to Hanoi Capital. We need to _________ arrangements for the trip carefully.
A. do B. make
C. get D. pay
Question 11. Nobody knows why ____ until next week.
A. did the meeting postpone B. the meeting was postponed
C. was the meeting postponed  D. the meeting postponed
Question 12. A _____ is money that is paid by a government or other authority in order to help an industry or business, or to pay for a public service.
A. subsidy B. Capital
C. investment D. salary
Question 13. The picture ______ was beautiful.
A. she was looking B. at which she was looking
C. at it she was looking D. at that she was looking
Question 14. ____ that we had to ask a police officer for directions.
A. So confusing was the map B. was so confusing the map
C. The map was so confusing D. Such confusing was the map
Question 15. By the end of this year, Chen ____ English for three years, but he will still need more training and experience before he masters the language.
A. will have been studying B. has been studying
C. has studied D. will be studying
Question 16. It is necessary that a life-guard ______ the summing pool while the children are taking their swimming lessons.
A. monitored B. monitors
C. monitor D. monitoring
Question 17. 1 don’t think Peter will come with us, _____?
A. do I B. don’t I
C. won’t he D. will he
Question 18. George wouldn’t have met Mary ____ to his brother’s graduation party.
A. hadn’t he gone B. had he not gone
C. if he has not gone D. if he should not have gone

 

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 5: Đáp án là B.

because of + N/V-ing: bởi vì….

Câu 6: Đáp án là A.

Cấu trúc chỉ sự tương phản “tuy… nhưng…”: adj/adv + as + S + V,S + V.

Câu 7: Đáp án là D.

admit + having done: thừa nhận đã làm gì

Câu 8: Đáp án là C.

I believe that supermarkets are much better than traditional markets. – Tôi tin rằng siêu thị tốt hơn nhiều so với chợ truyền thống.

Tôi không đồng tình với bạn, các câu còn lại đều thể hiện sự đồng tình.

Câu 9: Đáp án là D.

put on: mặc….

Câu 10: Đáp án là B.

make arrangements: sắp xếp

Câu 11: Đáp án là B

Đây là câu trần thuật => không đảo trợ động từ lên trước => A, C loại. D loại vì câu này phải chia ở thể bị động.

Dịch: Không ai biết tại sao cuộc họp bị trì hoãn cho đến tận tuần tới.

Câu 12: Đáp án là A.

subsidy: tiền trợ cấp

Các từ còn lại: investment: vốn đầu tư; salary: lương; capital: nguồn vốn

Câu 13: Đáp án là B.

look at: nhìn…. => đáp án A sai

C sai vì đây là mệnh đề quan hệ không dùng “it”, và D cũng sai vì không dùng mệnh đề “that” đứng ngay sau giới từ.

Câu 14: Đáp án là A.

Cấu trúc đảo ngữ “quá … đến nỗi mà…”: So + adj + be + S + that + …..

Câu 15: Đáp án là A.

by + mốc thời gian (tương lai) => dùng thì tương lai hoàn thành hoặc tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn.

Câu 16: Đáp án là C.

Cấu trúc chỉ sự đề nghị, gợi ý, khuyên bảo: It’s necessary that + S + V(bare -inf).

– Điều cần thiết là

Câu 17: Đáp án là D.

Cấu trúc láy đuôi, khi câu có “I think….” hoặc “I don’t think”, khi láy đuôi ,ta sẽ láy vế sau “that”. “I don’t think” đã mang nghĩa phủ định => vế đuôi khẳng định.

Câu 18: Đáp án là B.

Câu điều kiện loại III rút gọn If: Had + S + PII, S + would + have + PII.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 19. Professor Smith was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world.
A. changes B. conservation
C. variety D. difference
Question 20. He goes to school on time once in a blue moon.
A. very rarely B. very often
C. regularly D. sometimes

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 19: Đáp án là C

Diversity = sự đa dạng. Variety = sự phong phú

Câu 20: Đáp án là A

(once in a blue moon = very rarely)

         

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

 

Question 21. “That is a well-behaved boy whose behaviour has nothing to complain about”.
A. behaving cleverly B. behaving improperly
C. behaving nice D. good behavior

 

Question 22. After five days on trial, the court found him innocent of the crime and he was released.
A. benevolent B. innovative
C. guilty D. naive

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 21: Đáp án là B

Well – behaved = ngoan; cư xử khéo. Improperly = không đúng phép tắc

Câu 22: Đáp án là C

Innocent of N /Ving= ngây thơ, vô tội gì. Guilty of N = mắc tội gì

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

Earth is the only place we know of in the universe that can support human life. (23) _____ human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world (24) _____ on consuming two-thirds of the world’s resources while half of the world’s population do so just to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the lonely resource we have by which all people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is (25) ____ built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover completely. We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a result the planet’s ability to support people is being reduced at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are (26) _____ increasingly heavy demands on it.

The Earth’s natural resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to (27) _____ us fed, comfortable, healthy and active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources, they will go indefinitely. But If we use them wastefully and excessively, they will soon run out and everyone will suffer.

Question 23. A. Although B. Yet C. Still D. Despite
Question 24. A. continues B. repeats C. follows D. carries
Question 25. A. neither B. sooner C. rather D. either
Question 26. A. making B. doing C. having D. taking
Question 27. A. maintain B. stay C. hold D. keep

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 23: Đáp án là B

Yet = thế nhưng. Although = mặc dù. Still = vẫn. despite = mặc dù

Câu 24: Đáp án là D

Carry on Ving = tiếp tục làm gì = continue Ving. Repeat = lặp lại. Follow = theo sau

Câu 25: Đáp án là D

Either… or… = … hoặc …

Câu 26: Đáp án là A

Make + something = tạo ra cái gì

Câu 27: Đáp án là D

Keep + N + past participle/adj = duy trì, giữ cho ai ở tình trạng nào.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions from 28 to 37.

Before the 1500’s, the western plains of North America were dominated by farmers. One group, the Mandans, lived in the upper Missouri River country, primarily in present – day North Dakota.They had large villages of houses built close together. The tight arrangement enabled the Mandans to protect themselves more easily from the attacks of others who might seek to obtain some of the food these highly capable farmers stored from one year to the next.

The women had primary responsibility for the fields. They had to exercise considerable skill to produce the desired results, for their northern location meant fleeting growing seasons. Winter often lingered; autumn could be ushered in by severe frost. For good measure, during the spring and summer, drought, heat, hail, grasshoppers, and other frustrations might await the wary grower.

Under such conditions, Mandan women had to grow maize capable of weathering adversity. They began as early as it appeared feasible to do so in the spring, clearing the land, using fire to clear stubble from the fields and then planting. From this point until the first green corn could be harvested, the crop required labor and vigilance.

Harvesting proceeded in two stages. In August the Mandans picked a smaller amount of the crop before it had matured fully. This green corn was boiled, dried and shelled, with some of the maize slated for immediate consumption and the rest stored in animal – skin bags. Later in the fall, the people picked the rest of the corn. They saved the best of the harvest for seeds or for trade, with the remainder eaten right away or stored for alter use in underground reserves. With appropriate banking of the extra food, the Mandans protected themselves against the disaster of crop failure and accompany hunger.

The woman planted another staple, squash, about the first of June, and harvested it near the time of the green corn harvest. After they picked it, they sliced it, dried it, and strung the slices before they stored them. Once again, they saved the seeds from the best of the year’s crop. The Mandans also grew sunflowers and tobacco; the latter was the particular task of the older men.

Question 28. What is the main topic of the passage?

A. The problems encountered by farmers specializing in growing once crop
B. The agricultural activities of a North American Society
C. Various ways corn can be used.
D. Weather conditions on the western plains.

Question 29. The Mandans built their houses close together in order to _____.

A. guard their supplies of food
B. protect themselves against the weather
C. share farming implements
D. allow more room for growing corn

Question 30. The word “enabled” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

A. covered B. helped C. reminded D. isolated

Question 31. Why does the author believe that the Mandans were skilled farmers?

A. They developed effective fertilizers.
B. They could grow crops in most types of soil.

C. They could grow crops despite adverse weather.

D. They developed new varieties of corn.

Question 32. The word “consumption” in the paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

A. decay B.conversation C. eating D. planting

Question 33. Which of the following processes does the author imply was done by both men and women?

A. clearing fields B. Harvesting squash
C. Harvesting corn         D. Planting corn

Question 34. The word “disaster” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _____.

A. control B.catastrophe C. history D. avoidance

Question 35. The word “them” in the last paragraph refers to _____.

A. women B. seeds C. slices D. the Mandans

Question 36. Which of the following crops was cultivated primarily by men?

A. Sunflower B.Corn C. Squash D. Tobacco

Question 37. Throughout the passage, the author implies that the Mandans _____.

A. valued individuality B. were very adventurous
C. were open to strangers D. planned for the future

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 28: Đáp án là B.

Ý B là ý tổng quát nhất, A, C, D chỉ là những ý nhỏ trong bài.

Câu 29: Đáp án là A.

Ý trong bài: They had large villages of houses built close together. The tight arrangement enabled the Mandans to protect themselves more easily from the attacks of others who might seek to obtain some of the food these highly capable farmers stored from one year to the next.

Câu 30: Đáp án là B.

enable = help: giúp đỡ

Các từ còn lại: cover: bao phủ; remind: nhắc nhở; isolate: cô lập

Câu 31: Đáp án là C.

Dựa vào chi tiết đoạn 3.

Câu 32: Đáp án là C.

consumption: sự tiêu thụ (ngô) => eating: ăn

Các từ còn lại: decay: hư nát; thối rữa; conversation: cuộc trò chuyện; planting: trồng

Câu 33: Đáp án là C.

Harvesting corn: thu hoạch mùa ngô.

A, B, D là những công việc của phụ nữ, ý trong bài: … clearing the land, using fire to clear stubble from the fields and then planting. ( đoạn 3); ….The woman planted another staple, squash,… (đoạn 5).

Câu 34: Đáp án là B.

disaster: thảm họa = catastrophe

Các từ còn lại: control: điều khiển; history: lịch sử; avoidance: sự tránh xa

Câu 35: Đáp án là C.

Ý trong bài: After they picked it, they sliced It, dried it, and strung the slices before they stored them.

Câu 36: Đáp án là D.

Ý trong bài: The Mandans also grew sunflowers and tobacco; the latter was the particular task of the older men.

Câu 37: Đáp án là D.

Cả bài tập trung nói về hoạt động trồng trọt canh tác của người Mandans => họ đã lên kế hoạch cho tương lai là đáp án hợp lý nhất.

Read the passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 38 to 42.

Researchers in the field of psychology have found that one of the best ways to make an important decision, such as choosing a university to attend or a business to invest in, involves the utilization of a decision worksheet. Psychologists who study optimization compare the actual decisions made by people to theoretical ideal decisions to see how similar they are. Proponents of the worksheet procedure believe that it will yield optimal, that is, the best decisions. Although there are several variations on the exact format that worksheets can take, they are all similar in their essential aspects. Worksheets require defining the problem in a clear and concise way and then listing all possible solutions to the problem. Next, the pertinent considerations that will be affected by each decision are listed, and the relative importance of each consideration or consequence is determined. Each consideration is assigned a numerical value to reflect its relative importance. A decision is mathematically calculated by adding these values together. The alternative with the highest number of points emerges as the best decision.

Since most important problems are multifaceted, there are several alternatives to choose from, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. One of the benefits of a pencil and paper decision-making procedure is that it permits people to deal with more variables than their minds can generally comprehend and remember. On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once. A worksheet can be especially useful when the decision involves a large number of variables with complex relationships. A realistic example for many college students is the question “What will I do after graduation?” A graduate might seek a position that offers specialized training, pursue an advanced degree, or travel abroad for a year.

A decision-making worksheet begins with a succinct statement of the problem that will also help to narrow It. It is important to be clear about the distinction between long-range and immediate goals because long-range goals often involve a different decision from short-range ones. Focusing on long-range goals, a graduating student might revise the question above to “What will I do after graduation that will lead to a successful career?”.

Question 38: What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. A tool to assist in making complex decisions.
B. A comparison of actual decisions and ideal decisions.
C. Research on how people make decisions.
D. Differences between long-range and short-range decision making.

Question 39: The word “essential” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to:

A. introductory B. changeable C. beneficial          D. fundamental

Question 40: Of the following steps, which occurs before the others in making a decision worksheet?

A. Listing the consequences of each solution.
B. Calculating a numerical summary of each solution.
C. Deciding eciding which consequences are most important.
D. Writing down all possible solutions.

Question 41: According to decision-worksheet theory, an optimal decision is defined as one that.

A. has the fewest variables to consider
B. uses the most decision worksheets
C. has the most points assigned to it
D. is agreed to by the greatest number of people

Question 42: The author states that “On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once” to explain that.

A. most decisions involve seven steps
B. human mental capacity has limitations
C. some people have difficulty making minor as well as major decisions
D. people can learn to keep more than seven ideas in their minds with practice

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 38: Đáp án là A

Dòng 1 đoạn 1 “Researchers in the field of psychology have found that one of the best way to make an important decision”: những nghiên cứu trên lĩnh vực tâm lý học đã tìm ra một trong những cách tốt nhất để ra một quyết định. → công cụ để giúp đưa ra quyết định phức tạp.

Câu 39: Đáp án là D

Essentials = thiết yếu, fundamental = cơ bản, introductory = mở đầu, changeable = có thể thay đổi, beneficial = có lợi.

Câu 40: Đáp án là D

Cuối câu 1 đoạn 2 “listing all possible solutions to the problem”: lên danh sách các giải pháp cho vấn đề.

Câu 41: Đáp án là C

Câu cuối đoạn 2 “The alternative with the highest number of points emerges as the best decision.” Sự lựa chọn có số điểm cao nhất hiện ra như giải pháp tốt nhất.

Câu 42: Đáp án là B

Câu này nghĩa là: trung bình, mỗi người giữ được 7 suy nghĩ cùng 1 lúc → khả năng thần kinh của con người rất hạn chế, không chứa được nhiều thông tin bằng worksheet.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 43. Mrs. Stevens, along with her cousins from New Mexico, are planning to attend the festivities.

A. along with  B. her cousins C. are          D. to attend

Question 44. George hasn’t completed the assignment yet, and Mary hasn’t too.

A. hasn’t B. the assignment yet C. and D. hasn’t too

Question 45. The foreign student advisor recommended that she studied more English before enrolling at the university.

A. foreign B. studied C. enrolling D. the

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 43: Đáp án là C

Cấu trúc A + along with + B + V(A): động từ chia theo chủ ngữ A. “are” → “is”.

Câu 44: Đáp án là D

“too” = cũng vậy, đứng cuối câu khẳng định để nhắc lại một điều giống câu trước, “either” = cũng không, đứng cuối câu phủ định để nhắc lại một điều giống câu trước. “too” → “either”.

Câu 45: Đáp án là B

Cấu trúc: câu này nên dùng mẫu: recommend that S (should) + V- nguyên thể.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the given one.

Question 46. It’s the first time I’ve been to a flower show.

A. I haven’t gone to a flower shop before.
B. I wasn’t to a flower shop before.
C. I haven’t been to a flower shop before.
D. I haven’t to a flower shop before.

Question 47. “Be careful! Don’t do that again.”, he said.

A. He warned me against doing that again.
B. He warned me to do that again.
C. He told me be careful and don’t do that again.
D. He wants me to be careful and not do that again.

Question 48. Without his help we would all have died.

A. If it doesn’t be for help, we would all have died.
B. If it hadn’t been for his help, we would all have died.
C. We would all have died if it wasn’t for help.
D. Unless it hadn’t been for help, we would all have died.

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 46: Đáp án là C.

I haven’t been to a flower shop before.

Câu 47: Đáp án là A.

He warned me against doing that again.

Câu 48: Đáp án là B.

If it hadn’t been for his help, we would all have died.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 49. I used to like our science teacher much. I don’t like him much.

A. I don’t like our science teacher as much as I used to.
B. I didn’t like our science teacher as much as I used to.
C. I like our science teacher as much as I used to.
D. I used to like our science teacher as much as I do.

Question 50. You’d better write the date on your calendar. You might forget about the exam.

A. You’d better write the date on your calendar, so you might forget about the exam.
B. You’d better write the date on your calendar if you might forget about the exam.
C. You might forget about the exam although you’d better write the date on your calendar.
D. You might forget about the exam, so you’d better write the date on your calendar.

Hướng dẫn:

Câu 49: Đáp án là A

Câu 50: Đáp án là D 

Hết bài 2, mời các bạn đón xem bài 3.